The parties exchange appropriate information on collision incidents, incidents resulting in damage or other incidents at sea between vessels and aircraft of the contracting parties. The U.S. Navy provides this information on the Soviet naval attaché in Washington, and the Soviet Navy provides this information on the U.S. Navy attaché in Moscow. In the late 1960s, several incidents broke out between the U.S. Navy and the Soviet Navy. These include aircraft from the two nations passing by each other, colliding ships and aircraft that make threatening movements against those on the other side. In March 1968, the United States proposed discussions on preventing such incidents. The Soviet Union accepted the invitation in November 1970 and the discussions were held in two cycles – October 1, 1971 in Moscow and May 17, 1972 in Washington, D.C. The agreement was signed in 1972 by Navy Minister John Warner and Soviet Admiral Sergey Gorchkov at the Moscow Summit. The United States proposed to conduct discussions on the agreement in 1968 and the Soviet Union accepted it. The talks took place on October 11, 1971 in Moscow and On May 17, 1972 in Washington, D.C. The final agreement was signed at the Moscow Summit on May 25, 1972, by U.S.

Secretary of the Navy John Warner and Soviet Navy Commander Sergey Gorchkov. Like other confidence-building measures, the maritime incident agreement has no direct impact on the size, weapons or power structure of the parties. Rather, it aims to improve mutual knowledge and understanding of military activities; Reduce the possibility of conflict by accident, miscalculation or miscommunication; and increase stability in times of calm and crisis. In 1983, Secretary of the Navy John Lehman called the agreement “a good example of how the navy process works in the navy” and attributed soviet-American relations to the area that it would be “better than worse.” In 1985, he found that the frequency of incidents was “much lower than it was in the 1960s and early 1970s.” The agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union on maritime incidents is a bilateral agreement reached in 1972 between the United States and the Soviet Union to reduce the likelihood of a maritime incident between the two countries and, if this happens, to avoid an escalation. The protocol to this agreement was born from the first meeting of the advisory committee established by the agreement.

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